AMRITPEX 2023 : National Philatelic Exhibition

AMRITPEX 2023 : National Philatelic Exhibition
11-15 February 2023 , Pragati Maidan, New Delhi

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Rainbow Stamp News

Monthly e-Stamp Bulletin edited and published by Jeevan Jyoti from Dehradun.

Saturday, December 31, 2022

Rainbow January 2023

 Merry Christmas & Happy New Year !

Dehradun January 2023  Vol. XVI  Issue No. 181

Readers are requested to send reports of philatelic activities in their area for publication. Short write ups by the readers about, societies, publications and philatelic requirements can be sent for inclusion in this bulletin to the editor:

Note- This bulletin is only for circulation among a limited group of philatelists without any commercial purpose. The bulletin will be sent to the readers only on request. Those who wish to receive it regularly please reply giving the name of your city/country with the subject SUBSCRIBE RAINBOW

Date of Issue: 29 November 2022 

Dehradun January 2023  Vol. XVI  Issue No. 181

Readers are requested to send reports of philatelic activities in their area for publication. Short write-ups by the readers about, societies, publications, and philatelic requirements can be sent for inclusion in this bulletin to the editor:

Note- This bulletin is only for circulation among a limited group of philatelists without any commercial purpose. The bulletin will be sent to the readers only on request. Those who wish to receive it regularly please reply giving the name of your city/country with the subject SUBSCRIBE RAINBOW


Dear Reader,

I am pleased to release January 2023 issue of Rainbow Stamp News. With this issue, Rainbow enters into its 16th year of publication. I express my gratitude to all its Readers and Contributors for their constant support over the past 15 years and for making it continue its journey. AMRITPEX 2023, the National Philatelic Exhibition is being held from 11-15 February in New Delhi. The organizing team of AMRITPEX 2023, is working hard to make this show grand and successful. The list of final accepted entries has been issued. Now the participants must start preparing their final exhibit.

It is good that DoP has taken initiative to hold a National Philatelic Exhibition. Now it is important that the promotional work of philately is to be started in a new way. The young generation should be familiar with postage stamps and their usage. For this, bringing them to a stamp exhibition is not enough some other innovative ideas should be implemented to make stamps popular among children. Like stamp release ceremony should be held by DoP in schools also besides the main big function at whatever place it is going to be organized. DoP can organize stamp release functions in schools and other educational centres. Letter writing should be initiated and it should be posted by the children in letter boxes affixing proper postage stamps. This will bring children closer to stamps and they might fall in love with stamp collecting. Quality postage stamps should be issued in a limited number as it is done in other countries. Too many issues in a year distract a collector. The face value of the stamp should be affordable. High face value stamps should be minimum in number. Only a certain number of stamps on selected themes should be issued per year. Most importantly Philatelic Counters/Bureaus need to be philatelist friendly. DoP should involve local philatelic societies and clubs in promotional philatelic activities. Let’s hope more and more youngsters take up this educational hobby and once again philately may become a popular pastime of people of every age group. Best wishes to the organizing Team of AMRITPEX 2023 and all those participating in the exhibition.

This is all for this month. More in the next issue. 

Happy Collecting! Merry Christmas & Happy New Year



  • Editorial
  • From the Desk of Naresh Agrawal
  • Recent Indian Issues
  • In The News
  • Book Review
  • Interview
  • Specialized Section
  • Beginners’ Section
  • New Issues from Other Countries
  • Philatelic Clubs and Society
  • Blogs & Websites on Philately
  • Current Philatelic Magazines & Newsletters


So, counting has begun as AMRIPEX2023 is coming closer and closer. Excitement building up, heart beats knocking hard and every aspirant looking forward to reach New Delhi. 

Well, I myself is finding it hard to pass these days. Eager to meet my philatelic friends some of whom I met in Mumbai in the last INPEX in 2019 and a few even before. Though I am in interaction with some of them over the mobile phone but meeting physically gives me more pleasure. This event has a lot to deliver in terms of building and strengthening the bond of friendship, learning more about philately, to know more about our freedom moment and the past seventy-five years after the independence, to know more about our country, our heritage, our culture, and history and f also to share and store a lot of beautiful memories. 
For me, each and every stamp lover and the one who loves his country must visit this show. Must have a sip of the AMRIT which is going to be poured in this show. The ‘Amrit’ of love for each other, the Amrit for love of your country, the Amrit of a magnificent world of stamps, the Amrit of beautiful curated iconic collections and exhibits on displays, the ‘Amrit’ of making and strengthening relations and the Amrit of beautiful long lasting memories.
Well, I understand all the visitors may be the participants might have checked and made all their travel arrangements by now. It is quite easy to reach New Delhi, the heart of India as it is well connected by Rail, Road, and Air. My only worry is the weather conditions during those days. The forecast is that Delhi will face extreme cold during those days even the whole of North India will be shivering and one can expect dense long lasting fog throughout the daytime also. Hence, one has to plan the trip keeping in mind the possible delays in travel. Even today when I am writing this column, I understand lots of flights have been canceled or rescheduled. The trains are delayed by hours. Road travel is very time taking. So, all my friends, be careful in finalizing the timings of your program.
Believe me, this show is going to deliver much more than one’s expectation. The biggest philatelic event in India after COVID. Let’s reach there and make this event a great success. Enjoy every moment of it. Don’t forget to bring all that you want to share and don’t miss anything there you want to take back with you. 1400 frames itself speaks about the world of philately ready to cater. Other activities on the card will add to the flavor of philately there. A never miss show.

Finally, I appeal to each and every philatelist, the stamp lover, and of course, the lover of this country to visit this show. If not for all the days, for a few days. But please do visit. I am eagerly waiting for you all there along with the hardworking team of AMRITPEX which of course is comprised of dedicated stalwarts of PCI. Looking forward to seeing you all there.

Recent Indian Issues 

3 November 2022 : Assam Medical College – Rs 5

25 November 2022 : 175 years of IIT Roorkee – Rs 5

12 December 2022 :  Pa Togan Sangama - Rs 5

13 December 2022 : Sardar School, Jodhpur – Rs 5

13 December 2022 : Shri Aurbindo 150th Birth Anniversary- Rs150

31 December 2022 :  Visamanbapu - Rs 5

 New Postal Stationery

New Picture Postcard

BR Ambedkar Police Academy, Moradabad

New Pictorial Cancellations

Merry Christmas

Discover India Through Stamps

Amritpex 2023

On the occasion of Amritpex-2023, Press meet was organised and a special cancellation was released today by   Chief Postmaster General, Maharashtra Circle.

Female Warriors

Special cancellation released by India Post, U.P. Circle.

Ram Vangaman Path : Special Cancellation by UP Circle

Police Training College, Sub Post office, Moradabad

New Special Covers

14 November 2022 : Amritpex 2022

17 December 2022 : St. Xavier Alumni Association, Patna

21 December 2022 : International Cultural Jamboree, Moodbidri

29 December 2022 : Dr BR Ambedkar UP Police Academy


In the News

NZ 2023 

NZ 2023 The 38th Asian International Stamp Exhibition is being held under the patronage of the Federation of Inter-Asian Philately (FIAP) from May 4 to 7, 2023 in Auckland, New Zealand. Participation is open in all Classes - FIAP Championship, Traditional, Postal History, Postal Stationery, Aerophilately, Astrophilately, Thematic, Maximaphily, Revenues, Modern Philately, Open Philately, Picture Postcards, One Frame, and Youth.


 The National Commissioner for India is Mr. Madhukar Jhingan, 


IBRA 2023

IBRA 2023 and 33st International Stamp Fair will be held at Hall 1 and 2, Messe Essen, Germany from 25 to 28 May, 2023. Mr. Madhukar Jhingan is  National Commissioner for India for the IBRA 2023.:  Email:   (M) +91-9811160965

IBRA 2023 is being organized by the German Federation of Philatelists (BDPh) under the Patronage of International Philatelic Federation (FIP) With a capacity of 2800 display frames, IBRA 2023 is the first General World exhibition since 2019, with participation open in all Classes - FIP Championship, Traditional, Postal History, Postal Stationery, Aerophilately, Astrophilately, Thematic, Maximaphily, Revenues, Modern Philately, Open Philately, Picture Postcards, One Frame, Youth, and Philatelic Literature.

Concept of One Frame Exhibits (OFE)

by Jussi Tuori, FIP Vice President

One of the important features in today’s philately has been to create new attractive ways to collect and exhibit. We have seen this in the present classes like in Postal History, Thematics and Traditional and also in new ideas like One Frame Exhibits, Open Class and other new exhibiting concepts currently being under development.

One Frame Exhibits are already well-established all around the world. They have been experimental in FIP Exhibitions for more than six years, and they have obtained vast popularity. The point has been reached however when they should be finally formalized. FIP Board is now proposing this at the 2010 Congress.

Because this concept should be used in almost all classes, the exceptions being Literature and Youth, there cannot be a separate one-frame class. However there should be specific Guidelines harmonizing the concept and judging in all classes. A decision formally recognising one-frame exhibits has already been taken by the Bucharest Congress in 2008. Thus the specific Guidelines are to be decided in Lisbon, which makes One Frame Exhibits to follow the Guidelines of the respective classes as well as their own special one frame Guidelines.

The purpose of One Frame Exhibits has been twofold:

- to provide collectors the opportunity to show exhibits on a narrow theme that are suitable due to their limited subject or limited available material to develop in one frame or

- to provide for new exhibitors at club, regional or even national level an easy way to start their exhibiting career. 

The second purpose is not discussed in this article or in the proposed Guidelines. The principles of judging at the club or regional level are the responsibility of every National Federation. However, in national exhibitions, the FIP Guidelines should be followed in order to fulfill the requirements for qualification to international exhibitions.

The critical factor for a good and successful OFE is the theme. It is not possible to give any unambiguous definition of what is a good theme. Some general principles however can be presented:

- Detailed treatment of all important aspects of the selected theme can be shown in one frame.

- An extract from a multiple-frame exhibit is not acceptable.

The latter principle clearly excludes, for instance, exhibits, where the owner of a successful multi-frame exhibit chooses the best items from this exhibit or maybe the first frame and shows it as a one-frame exhibit. It doesn’t help if he sells the rest and claims, that this is no longer an extract of his multi-frame exhibit. This also excludes exhibits showing only one value taken from a longer issue of stamps. If there were one separate value not belonging to any issue and this value otherwise fulfills the requirements above, this would fit the concept of a one-frame exhibit.

If the theme is inappropriate to one frame, the points for treatment will be reduced. It also might be difficult to show the philatelic knowledge needed for the theme.

The decision by Bucharest Congress already includes the principle, that the jurors of the respective classes shall judge the OFEs. This has not yet been fully understood by Organizing Committees. Thus the recommendation is that clearly, the normal teams should be doing the one-frame judging. The harmonizing can be then done in a normal way between the team leaders.


Guidelines for Judging One Frame Exhibits at FIP Exhibitions

01) The purpose of One Frame Exhibits a) To encourage new exhibitors to exhibit; however, these Guidelines are not generally suited for this type of exhibits. It is left to National Federations to implement the Guidelines for beginners in National or Club Exhibitions. b) To provide experienced exhibitors with the opportunity to show competitive exhibits on a very narrow theme that could not be expanded to more than one frame.

02) Principles of One Frame Exhibits For such a special study, only themes should be chosen which allow showing in one frame, the detailed treatment of all important aspects of the theme. An extract from a current existing multiple-frame exhibit is not allowed.

03) Class of Exhibit One Frame Exhibits may come from any of the FIP competitive classes, except the Literature Class or Youth Class. One Frame Exhibits will be classified and judged in their respective FIP class. The judging is based on the regulations of their respective classes and these Guidelines.

04) Criteria for evaluation

The following criteria and points for One Frame Exhibits are used at FIP exhibitions:

Treatment and the appropriate subject 30 points

Philatelic knowledge, Personal study, and research 35 points

Condition and Rarity 30 points

Presentation 5 points Total 100 points

Thematic One Frame exhibits will be evaluated according to the Thematic point system:

Treatment 35 points

Knowledge, Personal Study and Research 30 points

Condition and Rarity 30 points

Presentation 5 points

Total 100 points

Exhibits, which are not suitable as One Frame Exhibits according to these guidelines, will suffer a loss of points when judged, especially in Treatment.

05) Certificates

All the exhibitors will be awarded a One Frame Exhibit certificate. The points given to the exhibitor should be noted on the certificate. Likewise, the certificate should be marked specifically as a “One Frame Exhibit”.

06) Qualification for FIP Exhibitions

The qualification for participation at FIP Exhibitions is the equivalent of a Vermeil medal obtained at national exhibition.

Source PCI

Book Review

Himalayan Birds on Stamps

By M. Lokeswara Rao

Himalayan Birds on Stamps by M. Lokeswara Rao IFS (Retd.) Pages : 150 Size : A4 Type: Paper Back : Published By :The Write Order Publications : Price : Rs 1599 : Available with the author : email : WhatsApp : 9436215175 It is also available on Amazon

‘Himalayan Birds on Stamps’ by eminent philatelist and retired IFS officer Shri M. Lokeswara Rao is a very informative book on the stamps issued on the birds of Himalayas. The Himalayan Range is the highest Himalayan Range in the world and it is a confluence of the Trans-Himalayan Zone, Himalayan Zone, and Northeast Zone. These zones have Tropical, Temperate, and Tundra Types of Climate which makes them rich in their biodiversity of Flora and fauna. There are found a number of variety of birds in its vast area. Climate change is a major threat to birds. Its impact is seen in the shifting distribution of some sensitive species. The Himalayan countries are a group of countries that straddle the Himalayas. Himalayan countries (India, Nepal, Bhutan, China, and Pakistan) have issued stamps on Himalayan Birds focusing on their protection and conservation.  

Climate change is a major threat as far as birds are concerned. The impact is visible in the shifting distribution of sensitive species. The avian population is an important indicator of the ecological balance. The impacts of climate change in the Himalayas are real. Increasing temperatures, melting glaciers, erratic and unpredictable weather conditions, and changing rainfall patterns, are impacting the habitat of birds in the Himalayan region. The book ‘ Himalayan Birds on stamps” focuses on how different philatelic materials issued by Himalayan countries can narrate the story of different species of Himalayan Birds. The author has used  Different available philatelic materials like stamps, stamp blocks, FDC, Miniature Sheets, Maxim Cards, Postcards, explain different species of birds. The book also explains their conservation status and conservation efforts.

The book gives clear images of about 500 philatelic items. Separate chapters for Himalayan Birds of India, Nepal, Bhutan, China, and Pakistan. The book also gives the list of stamps, postcards, and other philatelic items issued on birds by respective countries. as well as the conservation status and scientific names of the birds.

The paper quality and printing of the book is very good. The color images used in the books are very sharp and clear which attract the reader at first sight. It is a must-book for Thematic Collectors, those collecting stamps on Birds, nature lovers, environmentalists, Bird watchers, Foresters as well as students of all age groups. The philatelic libraries must have this book for the reference of Thematic Collectors. I recommend this informative book for every Thematic Collector and stamp lover.

 -Jeevan Jyoti


Interview with M. Lokeswara Rao


1. Many Congratulations to you on the release of your new book “Himalayan Birds on Stamps”. It’s a very comprehensive book. How did the idea come to your mind to bring out a specific book on stamps related to Himalayan Birds? 

Thank you very much. As you know well that 80% of Himalayas are spread among 13 states/Union territories. When I was working as Principal Chief Conservator of Forests and Head of Forest Force in Nagaland, one of the 13 Himalayan states/union Territories I have seen how the forests are destroyed for cultivation and developmental activities like road construction, dams etc. Because of the destruction of forests, the Himalayas are experiencing an increase in temperature, we are seeing climate change effects resulting in the melting of glaciers and the habitat of avian biodiversity is shrinking. I was also in charge of Captive breeding (ex-situ conservation) of Blyth’s Tragopan or the grey-bellied Tragopan, one of the Himalayan pheasant which is a vulnerable species.

When was PCCF & HoFF, was instrumental in Amur falcon birds’ conservation which is migratory bird stays two months November and December in Nagaland. The bird flies from Mongolia to South Africa back 20000, km there was large-scale killing of the bird in 2012, during 2013 after conducting awareness programmes not a single bird was killed because of conservation efforts, Nagaland became the Flacon capital of the world.

After retirement when I entered the world of philately, I decided to write a book on Himalayan birds on stamps to spread awareness among people as I consider stamps are conservation and education tool. 

2. As you are a retired forest officer. You might have always lived in the vicinity of nature, besides birds any other flora or fauna you are interested in and wish to bring out a philatelic book on other themes in the future?

Yes, I am on it. I am doing a book on Orchids and I am also doing some more projects related to Nature and Conservation philately which I will reveal later. As you know well I wrote many articles related to nature like “Natural heritage of India on stamps” published by Bio Philately Journal of American Topical Association (the fourth and last part of the article will appear in April 2023), Rhododendron on stamps around the world article appeared in American Rhododendron Society Journal, Birds of India Biodiversity on stamps appeared in Topical Times of American Topical Association, and National parks of USA on stamps appeared in your magazine, Lady slipper orchids on stamps published by in Ananthapuri Stamp Bulletin, so that I want to promote conservation and nature philately to spread awareness among people for the protection of nature and our planet earth for our survival.

3. You are an eminent philatelist and have won a number of awards at the National and International levels. Tell us which award gave you the most satisfaction in your philatelic journey?

I my self-shocked when I received my first award Bronze medal for my exhibit Orchids which I casually submitted at INPEX 2017 National Exhibition in Mumbai, which triggered my philatelic journey.

4. You are both an exhibitor and a philatelic writer. What do you enjoy most as an exhibitor or as a philatelic writer?

I enjoy both as an exhibitor and philatelic writer, however, I bend more towards philatelic writing as many of my articles and books are read by millions of people from all over the world. I get lot of satisfaction.

5. What are your future plans regarding the release of books on new topics?

As I said earlier, Orchid is my one of the exhibits. I am doing a book on orchids and some other projects.

6. You have brought out 3 wonderful books related to philately. You have been sending your entries in Literature class regularly. Do you think Philatelic Literature Class in stamp exhibitions needs more attention? I mean no special award is given in the Literature Class which must be given too as Literature Class is also very important and an essential part of philately.

Yes, Philatelic literature is most important, as we know well in recent London 2022 they received a record number of entries in different categories of Literature class. The majority of entries are from USA, UK, and Australia, we have very few entries from India. All philatelists should write, they can write about their exhibit, especially thematic exhibits. Yes, to encourage the philatelist to write, there should be special awards. The literature class is most important because you can write book on postal history, thematic subjects, matters related to traditional philately etc.

7. We are in the era of digitalization. What is your opinion about e-books? Should these be encouraged at a large level or the printed books should also be brought out in good number.

Both hard copies and digital versions are required. The digital versions are less costly like kindle version you can pay per reading. However physical books when you have you can feel and enjoy and you can keep in your library.

8. You are a senior philatelist and have been participating in various national and international philatelic exhibitions, in your opinion what is the status of philately in the world today? It is the time when this hobby seems old-fashioned to the new generation. Don’t you think it is dying and somehow being pulled up by a small group of philatelists?

The philately is very much grown in western countries and number of people collecting stamps are increasing even in China. The hobby is becoming costly and not affordable to common man so it is the duty of every philatelist to promote hobby and Department of posts and Philatelic Congress of India should encourage children, provide basic philately tools like stamp album, some stamps etc. Department of Posts should ask every post office to adopt schools and create awareness among the students in the schools of its jurisdiction and give some books related to philately, open separate section for philately in the library of the school. Invite school children to the exhibitions and provide philately kit with all tools for starting the hobby. This will trigger interest among children toward this dying hobby.

9. How can the hobby of philately be promoted at large level so that a common man comes to know about it?

As I said earlier, apart from “philately week” as we are celebrating every year, one day in every month should be declared as philately day. At the gross root level each post office should create an awareness programme and local philatelists also participate to teach and encourage others toward the hobby. I saw many philatelic groups on WhatsApp, these groups also should be involved in the awareness process, and these groups should control the prices of the philatelic items so that collectors can purchase them at affordable rates.

10. What do you think about the role of DOP in the promotion of philately? Don’t you think they gear up only at the time of official stamp exhibitions? Otherwise, Philatelic Bureau /Philately Section of India Post is not philatelist friendly. Philatelists are often disappointed when they visit philatelic counters.

Government servants of the postal department have many limitations-like following rules, very little fund allocation to philately etc. I feel Department of Posts is evolving in promoting the hobby to satisfy all stakeholders. It is not responsibility of Department of Posts alone, it is

responsibility of Philatelic Congress of India, Philatelic Societies of every state. I see many of the state philatelic societies are not active or defunct. It is collective responsibility of every stake holder which will help promoting hobby. I suggest the following for the encouragement of philately:

a. School children in large number should be invited to philatelic exhibitions and philatelic kit should be given, this will trigger and create interest to start hobby.

b. Open a small library with few books of philately in each school

c. Each post office should adopt some schools every year in their jurisdiction and train one teacher in charge of drawing/ fine arts to promote and encourage children to take up hobby.

d. At present not many stamps were released related to Natural heritage of India (some years no stamp is released related to nature). Department of Post should at least release five to 10 stamps every year related to nature, plants, sanctuaries, National Parks, animals, Global warming, climate change etc to create awareness among the people for the protection of Nature and Mother Earth.

e. Since releasing of the postal stamp is very time consuming and procedural process, each Chief Postmaster General should release post cards related to Nature, culture, heritage topics of related to the region frequently.

f. The cost of philatelic materials should be at an affordable cost so that many philatelists can purchase the philatelic materials.

g. Each state CPMG should organise the philatelic exhibition at state level, district level, and mandal level and in each school every year. CPMG should support the school exhibitions.

h. The postman/ women should wear a uniform (Coat) with a slogan to encourage philately.

i. Philately awareness campaign should be all year process and all-round activity not restricted to during exhibition time only. Involve local philatelic societies, give responsibility for philately awareness.

j. Philately bureaus and Philately sections should be headed by proper trained people in philately and the bureau should be equipped with all philatelic materials so that philatelists will not be discouraged.

k. Online shopping system e-post should be user-friendly, all orders received should be processed immediately and all queries and complaints should be addressed immediately

11. Recently India Post issued Rs 150 stamp on Shri Aurobindo? Are such high-value commemorative stamps needed today??? Do you think high-value stamps attract collectors today?

I don’t know what is the strategy behind setting the price of Rs150 by the Department of Posts, I feel the price of philatelic material should be reasonable and affordable by common man.

12 Finally few words about the satisfaction you get from stamp collecting. Why others should also take up this hobby?

I get 100% satisfaction, as I am a retired person, I have a lot of time in my hand to do philately, to write article, books and participate in exhibitions. I spend nearly 5-6 hours daily on my laptop and do the things and my projects, I get phone calls and emails from different parts of the world appreciating my books and articles I feel so happy and satisfied. As philatelic materials are conservation and education tools to create awareness among the people, I encourage nature and conservation philately which is dear to my heart.

I thank you and your team and everyone for encouraging me and for supporting in my journey of nature and conservation philately.

Shri M. Lokeswara Rao is a retired officer of the 1983 batch of the Indian Forest Service and a renowned philatelist of Bangalore. He has won several awards at International Philatelic Exhibitions. Shri Rao, the former Principal Chief Conservator of Forests and Head of Forest Force (PCCF & HoFF), Nagaland, has released his third philatelic book titled, ‘Himalayan Birds on Stamps.’ His other books ‘Biodiversity of World on Stamps and ‘Buddhism on Stamps’ were published last year and won appreciation from philatelists all over the world. He has held different positions in the Government of India, Worked as Advisor Green Highways, National Highways Authority India, Ministry of Surface Transport, and Govt. of India and as Director (Protect Our species), and Earth Day Network. His articles are published regularly in National & International newspapers/Journals and magazines. He may be contacted at email : Mob.09436215175

Diamond Jubilee :1962-2022

The HydeabadPhilatelicAnd Hobbies Society

This beautiful coffee Table Souvenir Book is brought out to commemorate the Diamond Jubilee of The Hyderabad Philatelic & Hobbies Society. The book is compiled, edited, and designed by Shri Prakash Agrawal.  This is an excellent collectible book with a beautiful layout and fine printing with a lot of information on philately and numismatics. It also gives various pics of special moments of philatelists and philatelic exhibitions stamp fairs and valedictory functions.  It is a wonderful book for stamp and coin lovers to have a  treasure of philatelic and numismatic delight.

Specialized Section


 INA’s “Springing Tiger Mono ”


One of the most controversial figures in Indian freedom struggle history during the 20th century was the charismatic Subhash Chandra Bose, who was born at Cuttack in 1897. At the age of around 30 he put himself into the fight for India's freedom struggle and became a Committee Member of the Indian National Congress (INC). Later, he became Chairman for the Bengal Province's Local Congress, Lord Mayor in Calcutta, and in 1938 the President of INC.

Definitive Stamp: an imperf block of four definitive stamp on Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose

The story behind Azad Hind begins in 1938 when the Indian Nationalist Party, whose purpose was to expel the British from India, chose Netajii Subhas Chandra Bose as its leader. Not long afterwards, Bose was arrested and incarcerated and remained in prison until 1941 when he was released due to ill health. By this time Britain had become embroiled in a war with Germany.


Bose's activities had come to the attention of German intelligence and with their help he escaped British surveillance. He left for Kabul from where he went to Germany to obtain Hitler's support for India's liberation. The Nazis, welcomed this opportunity to create problems for England. 


The “Povisional Govt. of Azad Hind” was formed in Singapore on 21 October 1943. The formation of Indian National Army (Azad Hind Fauz) later with thousands of Indian soldiers held by the Japanese as prisoners of war, and its heroic battles with Anglo-American forces on the country’s eastern border on 1944-1945 constitute one of the glorious chapters of India’s struggle for independence.


Subhash Chandra Bose as Supreme Commander of the Indian National Army (INA) also known as Azad Hind Fauz adopted in 1943, a variant of Purna Swaraj Flag that included the words “AZAD’ on the saffron band on top, “HIND” on the bottom green band and in the centre white band a ‘Springing Tiger’ in lieu of Gandhi’s ‘Charkha’ symbolising INA’s strength and their indomitable will to fight. The Provisional Government of Free India was recognized by nine foreign powers and exercised physical dominion over the Andaman and Nicober Islands, which are integral part of India.                                                    


The biggest impact Bose's dream of a Free India (AZAD HIND) had on philately been the printing of the stamps which were never issued. Those were designed by Axter Heudtlass, a renowned German artist, and produced in photogravure by “The German Printing House” in Berlin. Those were probably intended as charity or propaganda  labels for the benefit of the Indian Legion. 

After the war a considerable amount of AZAD HIND stamps were stolen by allied soldiers from the German Printing House in Berlin and put into circulation on the philatelic market. It is also said that a German Stamp dealer somehow managed to get those stamps and from there those stamps came in to philatelic market all around the world. 


Germans did give support to Bose and his movement but their seriousness is uncertain. But the German postal service with approval of German Government did, as it arranged for stamps (known as Azad Hind Stamps) to be printed for Azad Hind by the Government Printing Office in Berlin in 1943 under direction of Subhash Chandra Bose. Werner and Maria von Axter-Heudtlass, two top artists, were appointed to design the stamps in February 1943. There were ten different denominations printed with six designs. Seven were to be semi-postal with the surcharge going to the administration of the islands of Andaman and Nicobar. The motto of issuing these stamps were to use these stamps as part of a charity and propaganda effort to encourage the Azad Hind Movement to free India from British Rule and were supposed to be used at some future time in territories controlled by the Free Indian Army.

The Azad Hind stamps were supposed to be issued by Germany in February 1943 as part of a propaganda effort to encourage the Azad Hind movement to free India from British rule and to commemorate the Azad Hind movement and the Azad Hind Legion

It is understood that these semi postal stamps which may be called Cinderella stamps were intended to serve initially as propaganda labels, later to be used as postage after the "liberation" of India from the British by the I.N.A.(Indian National Army  or Azad Hind Fauz) . The stamps were neither carried to India nor issued but stayed in storage in Germany until the end of the war



These stamps were conceptualized by Subhash Chandra Bose and were designed by Werner and Maria von Axster-Heudtlass who created many German issues between 1925 and 1949.There are show six different designs / themes depicted on ten denominations. The designer’s “AXHEU” signature appears inconspicuously in each design. The Indian Postal Department includes these six unused Azad Hind Stamps in its commemorative book India's Freedom Struggle through India Postage Stamps.

These stamps have been designed in the following denominations:


The German Michel Catalog has done appreciable listing as it lists in total 21 nos. stamps with the seven semi postals first (Mi. I-VII); the surcharge was for the administration of Andaman and Nicobar Islands then under Japanese control. Next come the three regular postal issues with no surcharge (Mi. VIII-X). A set of 21 stamps currently exist, both perforated (10×12) and imperforated.

There are 10 listed issues in the series with six designs in ten denominations , though with color variations and perf. / imperf variations. Following is the details of the stamps showing catalogue list reference number  :

I -- 1+1 Anna design shows : Sikh with Machinegun  Or an Indian Sikh soldier firing a German MG34 machine gun

1+1 Anna design depicting an Indian Sikh soldier firing a German MG34 machine gun.

II, VIII, and IX --/2 Anna, 1 Anna and 2+2 Annas design shows : Farmer plowing a field or a plough and a peasant plowing a field in the background.



1/2 Anna, 1 Anna and 2+2 Annas design, which shows a plow and a peasant plowing a field in the background.

III and X -- 2½, and 2½ + 2½ Annas design shows: Indian and spinning wheel or an Indian woman spinning cloth on a charkha.

2½, and 2½ + 2½ Annas design, which shows an Indian woman spinning cloth on a charkha

IV -- 3+3 Anna design : Nurse with the wounded or a nurse comforting a wounded soldier

3+3 Anna design depicting a nurse comforting a wounded soldier.

V and VI -- 8+12 and 12 Anna + 1 Rupee design shows : Swords and breaking the chains over India or breaking chains on a map of India

8+12 and 12 Anna + 1 Rupee design depicting breaking chains on a map of India.

VII --1+2 Rupee design shows  :  Indians with Azad Hind flag or 3 INA soldiers—one  Sikh, the other two presumably a Hindu and a Muslim—with the flag of Azad Hind

1+2 Rupee, which show three INA soldiers—one clearly a Sikh, the other two presumably a Hindu and a Moslem—with the flag Or the details of vignette may be described as “A turbaned soldier carrying the Azad Hind flag with two companions in German-style field caps, the design flanked by two ceremonial swords.”

18 stamps with 5 different designs were both perforated and imperforated where as the 1R+2R high value were imperf only. These 1R+2R high-value stamp was designed as a multi-color design and has been listed in three color varieties with only 13,500 printed in total. A complete set of  1R + 2R design includes several color varieties/variations as per Michel catalogue listing

The German Michel catalog lists the seven semi postals  first (Mi. I-VII); the surcharge was for the administration of Andaman and Nicobar Islands then under Japanese control.

Next come the three regular postal issues with no surcharge (Mi. VIII-X).


Un-issued ‘Stamps’ (imperforate) of the Provisional Government of Free India (Azad Hind)– in - exile (Nationales Indien).

The ‘Plus’ values in denominations presumably were intended to raise funds for the Government and turned this into a Semi-postal status..

 To be contd…. 

: Naresh Agrawal : email : Whatsapp : 9425530514

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Beginners’ Section

Birth of Sir Rowland Hill

Sir Rowland Hill was born on December 3, 1795, in Kidderminster, England.  Hill revolutionized the postal system by establishing a uniform minimum price of one penny, leading to the creation of the first postage stamp.

Chile #893 was issued for the 150th anniversary of the Penny Black.

By 1807, Hill was already a student teacher at the same school where his father taught.  Twelve years later, in 1819, he founded the Hazelwood School, in nearby Edgbaston.  Hazelwood was unique, as it had a science laboratory, swimming pool, gymnasium, library, gas-powered lights, and central heating – at a time when other schools were very poor.  Though the school closed in 1833, its model was adopted by other schools in England.

Grenada #926-29 was issued for the 100th anniversary of Hill’s death.

Hill first became interested in postal reform in 1835.  At the time, the cost of sending a letter in England was very expensive.  Each letter was weighed individually and priced according to the weight and distance.  In addition, the addressee instead of the sender paid for the mail, and the addressee could refuse to pay!  This resulted in not only very high operating costs for the Post Office, but heavy annual losses – due to refusal of payment.

1853 document signed by Rowland Hill

In January 1837, Hill presented a pamphlet titled Post Office Reform; Its Importance and Practicability to the Chancellor of the Exchequer.  Hill recognized that the recent industrial revolution had significantly increased literacy among English citizens.  He knew that this rise in literacy would result in a greater mail volume if the postage rates were only lowered a bit.  So, the reform-minded Hill proposed the use of adhesive postage stamps and stamped envelopes.  By making the sender responsible for the delivery fee, the Post Office could stop losing money on refused letters.  Plus, a uniform, low rate of one cent per half-ounce would make mailing a letter affordable for the Post Office and the public.  Letters didn’t have to be weighed and logged individually anymore, cutting the administration costs drastically

Norfolk Island #248a was also issued for the 100th anniversary of Hill’s death.

Some in the British government mocked Hill’s ideas, saying they were “wild and visionary schemes.”  However, merchants, traders, and bankers believed the current system was corrupt and hindered their business and campaigned for Hill’s plan to be implemented.  In 1839, Hill received a two-year contract to run his new system.  He lowered rates and correspondence increased 120% within a few months.

Uganda #798 – Souvenir sheet issued for the 150th anniversary of the Penny Black

Hill’s plan also called for the creation of adhesive postage stamps.  The design of the stamps was open to a competition that received 2,600 entries.  However, none were considered suitable, so they selected a profile of Queen Victoria that was used on an 1837 medal (and based on an image of her as a princess).

Finally, the Penny Black was issued on May 1, 1840, though it wouldn’t officially go on sale until May 6.  The issuance of the Penny Black was the first major step in mass communications. Mail service became affordable to every British citizen for the first time.  From that day forward, any Englishman from any walk of life could correspond with any other person, anywhere in England.  In 1839, the year before the Penny Black was issued, the British postal service moved 82 million pieces of mail.  In 1840, the first year of the issue, the Penny Black more than doubled the mail volume to over 169 million pieces of mail.  Soon, other countries would follow with their own first issues.

Hill worked at the Post Office until 1842.  After that, he was made director of the London and Brighton Railway, where he lowered fares, expanded routes, and made the trains more comfortable.  Hill returned to the Post Office as Secretary to the Postmaster General and then Secretary to the Post Office from 1854 to 1864.  For his important contributions, he was knighted as a Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath and made a Fellow of the Royal Society.  Hill died on August 27, 1879.  The Post Office created the Rowland Hill Fund for postal workers in need and the Royal Mail established the Rowland Hill Awards for philatelic “innovation, initiative, and enterprise.”  Over the years, more than 100 countries have honored Hill on their stamps.

Source : Mystic Stamp Co.

New issues from other countries


22 December 2022 : New Year and Christmas

21 December 2022 : Lunar New Year

2 December 2022 : Junior Eurovision




Christmas Island

11 November 2022 : Christmas 2022




9 November 2022 : Winter Light


8 December 2022 : Diwali 2022

Diwali is a festival of lights and one of the major festivals celebrated by Hindus, Jains, Sikhs, and some Buddhists. The festival usually lasts five days and is celebrated during the Hindu lunisolar month Kartika. This year Diwali took place on the 24 October 2022. One of the most popular festivals of Hinduism, Diwali symbolizes the spiritual victory of light over darkness, good over evil, and knowledge over ignorance.

Great Britain

8 December 2022 : Year of Rabbit

Year of Rabbit

This striking Collector Sheet celebrates the ‘Year of the Rabbit’ which runs from 22nd January 2023 to 9th February 2024. The labels are designed by hat-trick design and feature paper cut-outs both on the bright red background of the sheet and the labels representing the five elements of Metal, Water, Wood, Fire and Earth. All the labels are complemented by the Fireworks definitive-sized stamp. 2023 is specifically the year of the 'Water Rabbit' and those born in a 'Water Rabbit' Year are thought to be gentle, amicable, able to adjust readily to different conditions, as well as having slightly a weak mindset and principles. Lucky numbers are 3, 4 and 5 and lucky colours for 'Rabbits' are red, pink, purple, and blue.


21 December 2022 : Holy Christmas and New Year


29 November 2022 : Christmas 2022


8 December 2022 : Louis Pasteur, 200 Years Since His Birth

Louis Pasteur, 200 Years Since His Birth

On the 200th anniversary of the birth of the great scientist Louis Pasteur, the founder of modern microbiology, Romfilatelia dedicates to him a postage stamp.

Louis Pasteur, chemist and bacteriologist, the founder of microbiology, was born on December 27, 1822, in Dole, in the Jura region, a small village in France. While studying at Arbois College, he discovered a talent for painting. He moved to Paris but returned to Arbois, disappointed by his artistic experience in the French capital, took his baccalaureate in letters (in 1840) and then, after a failure in 1842, his baccalaureate in mathematical sciences. Then, in 1843, he was admitted to the École Normale Supérieure in Paris, where he graduated in 1847, having defended two theses, one in chemistry and one in physics. In 1846, he was appointed physics teacher at the Lycée de Tournon (Ardeche), but continued to collaborate at the École Normale Supérieure. In 1848, he was appointed physics teacher at the Dijon High School and, later that year, accepted the position of chemistry professor at the University of Strasbourg. From 1854, he was professor and dean of the Faculty of Chemistry at the University of Lille. In 1856, Pasteur became interested in the fermentation of products such as wine and beer, and presented a way that could prevent spoilage, called “pasteurisation”. By heating the wine to 50 degrees Celsius, microorganisms that can spoil it are killed. The pasteurization process was successfully tested on April 20, 1862. Pasteur also conducted studies on other microorganisms interacting with organic matter. In 1867, Pasteur was appointed professor of chemistry at the Sorbonne University in Paris, but he also set up a laboratory at the École Normale Supérieure. Louis Pasteur began his research on rabies in 1880, and his aim was to find ways of preventing the disease, following the path opened up by his earlier research on chicken cholera. On October 26, 1885, Pasteur presents to the Academy of Sciences the promising results of his treatment of rabies in humans, since then, his laboratory is besieged by people bitten by rabid animals. On March 1, 1886, Pasteur reappears before the members of the Academy of Sciences to present the results obtained after vaccinating 350 people. Out of these, only one dies, because the treatment was applied too late, probably after the virus had already reached the nervous system, the rest being saved. A few months later, he reports the results of 726 inoculations. Pasteur then proposes the creation of an institute to treat rabies, an idea supported by the Academy of Sciences. With the help of donations from all over the world, an institute dedicated not only to the treatment of rabies but also to the study of pasteurisation was created in 1887. The Pasteur Institute was inaugurated on 14 November 1888 and Louis Pasteur remained at its head until his death on September 28, 1895. A centre for research, training and treatment, the institute rapidly expanded on an international scale.

Throughout his life, the scientist Louis Pasteur received numerous awards in recognition of the outstanding merits of his research and was elected to various academic authorities, including the Academy of Sciences in France. He was also awarded the Legion of Honour, France’s highest decoration. Louis Pasteur died on September 28, 1895, at the age of 72 at the Château de Villeneuve-l’Étang in France. He is laid to rest in a crypt in the institute that bears his name.


2 December 2022 : Historical Mail Wagon


As early as the ancient Roman Empire the state-run postal service (cursus publicus), established by the emperor Augustus (27 BC – 14 AD), used various types of vehicles to transport not only people but also the post. Although letters were usually delivered by riders on horseback, the transport of larger consignments, goods or people required the use of light weight two-wheeled (carrus) or four-wheeled vehicles (raeda).

The vehicular transport of mail did not develop in the early Middle Ages, messengers mainly went on foot or on horseback. In the late 15th century a new type of vehicle emerged: a coach that was remarkable for its light weight and speed, thus it began to be used to transport the royal mail and by couriers. In the 1740s, during the period of reform of Maria Theresa, the transportation of mail was further developed and stabilised. Therefore, the Habsburg monarchy started to consider the use of special vehicles, the diligencia (a stagecoach), for the transport of mail, following the examples of England and France. The diligencia successfully passed its road tests and the operation of the diligencias was taken over by the state as early as 1750. At the beginning of the 19th century, there was a need to improve the quality and particularly the speed of postal deliveries. In 1823, Maximilian Otto von Ottenfeld, the new director of the administration of mail coaches, initiated reforms of the transport of people and the mail. He established regular lines using comfortable and well sprung coaches (Eilpostwagen) that even travelled the postal routes at night.

The introduction of the railways provided a new means for the transport of people and the post. As early as 1838 the first post train was established in England, whose employees sorted letters and parcels while the train was in motion. The sorted mail was then unloaded at railway stations along the way and parcel delivery coaches transported it to the individual post offices. The transport of mail from post offices was solved in the same way. The cargo area of this parcel coach was usually consisted of wooden sheet-metal cabinet drawn by one or more horses. This type of vehicle was still in use until 1960, when were fully replaced by motor vehicles.

The postage stamp and FDC surcharge depicts an example of such a parcel delivery coach. It was used by the Czechoslovak postal operator in the inter-war period. The blank field was inspired by the emblem used by the Czechoslovak State Post on its coaches.


10 November 2022 : 2022 Health and Wellbeing


CESIDA is the State Coordinator of HIV and AIDS, the most representative entity of the citizen's movement of HIV and AIDS in Spain. CESIDA is made up of 75 entities representing more than 120 organisations in Spain. This year marks 20 years since its foundation in 2002, when more than 40 years have passed since the first case of HIV was detected.


10 November 2022 : Christmas 2022

United Nations

14 January 2022 : Sports for Peace

New Postal Stationery from other countries


25 November 2022 : City Theatre Zorin Dom 2022

Promotional Section

New Website of Bangladesh Stamps launched

All information regarding recent postage stamps, postmarks, special covers, postal stationery and other items and information related to philately could be found on this website. Digital Bangladesh Stamp Catalogue 1971-2022 is available on the website. The founder and webmaster of this website is Mr Zahidul Islam Echo.

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This is a blog of e-Stamp Club . The idea of this blog is to extend the philatelic fraternity in all corners of the world. Readers may write about themselves with their collecting interests and share new ideas with other philatelists.  New Posts on recent issues, news on stamp activities, and Contributions by members are published every day on this blog. Readers may also express their views on any philatelic matter which will be published under Club News at Rainbow Stamp Cub Blog. Philatelic Clubs and Societies may also send brief write ups. Readers may send reports on new issues, special covers, cancellations & philatelic activities of their area for inclusion in this Blog. - Editor

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-The Hyderabad Philatelist from Hyderabad Philatelic and Hobbies Society Editor – Shri Prakash Agrawal 

-SIPA Bulletin issued by South India Philatelists’ Association 


- Coffee Table Book: Diamond Jubilee : The Hyderabad Philatelic and Hobbies Society

- Ananthapuri Stamp Bulletin December 2022 issue edited by Mohanachandran Nair

- Judaica Thematic Society , UK . January2023 Newsletter edited by Gary Goodman

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Recent Awards

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Participated in different philatelic exhibitions Wrote for philately column in The Pioneer and worked as sub-editor for U-Phil Times published from United Philatelists, Kanpur.Did Schooling from Kanpur Vidya Mandir and Post Graduation in Botany from A.N.D. College Kanpur.


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