Monthly e-Stamp Bulletin edited and published by Jeevan Jyoti from Dehradun.

Tuesday, October 4, 2016

Rainbow October 2016

Diwali Stamp to be issued by US Postal Service on October 5, 2016

Wishing you all a very Happy Festive Season !

Dehradun   October  2016    Vol. IX No. 106

Readers are requested to send reports of philatelic activities in their area for publication. Short write ups by the readers about their journals, societies, publications and philatelic requirements can be sent for inclusion in this bulletin to   and by post to –

Ms. Jeevan Jyoti, c / o Mr. Ajay Srivastav, Wildlife Institute of India, Chandrabani, Dehradun – 248002. India

Note- This bulletin is only for circulation among a limited group of philatelists without any commercial purpose. The bulletin will be sent to the readers only on request. Those who wish to receive it regularly please reply giving the name of your city / country with the subject SUBSCRIBE RAINBOW

Dear Reader

I am pleased to release October 2016 issue of Rainbow Stamp News. October is the month of festivals in India. I wish all my readers a very " Happy Festive Season''. It is a matter of great pleasure and honour for all Indians and Indian Philatelic community that US Postal Service is going to issue a postage stamp on Hindu Festival "Deepawali" on 5th October 2016.   Recently national level philatelic exhibition "Naturepex 2016"concluded at Bhubaneswar. A big applause for the organizers of this show and many many congratulations to the all participants and awardees of this exhibition. The exhibition was very well organized and managed by the Naturepex 2016 team. I thank them for the wonderful show.
Last but not the least I wish to draw the attention of all to a topic discussed by our columnist Mr Naresh Agrawal in his column of this issue. Please do send your feedback on NO MEASURES FOR THE LEFT AFTER TREASURES".

This is all for this month .Have a wonderful festive time ! 
Happy Collecting !

                                                                                                                     - Jeevan Jyoti


§  From the Desk of Naresh Agrawal
§  Recent Indian Issues
§  In The News
§  Doon Philatelic Diary
§  Beginners’ Section
§  Specialized Section 
§  New Issues from Other Countries
§  Editor’s Mail Box
§  Acknowledgement
§  Philatelic Clubs and Society
§  Blogs & Websites on Philately
§  Current Philatelic Magazines – Newsletter
§  Promotional Section



In the last few months we have lost some known and veteran philatelists in India. Mr. Satish Misra of Bareilly,  an ardent philatelist cum dealer   and then Dr. S.K.Gupta of Meerut a renowned philatelic jury and a philatelist of noticeable achievements who authoritatively wrote on Modern Indian Philately. My sincere condolences. I pray almighty to give their souls peace and further pray for their families to bear the irreparable loss. I still remember my 19 years long association with Mr. Misra who helped me a long by providing me the material I required at very reasonable prices. A thorough gentleman and a good friend. My regular telephonic conversation always kept me close to his heart. I met Dr. S.K Gupta only during my visits to exhibitions as I could see that he visited most of the exhibitions in India. I did sit with him whenever I found opportunity during the shows and discussed on various aspects of judging, improving exhibits and other aspects of philately. A man with immense knowledge of philately and always willing to deliver. A big loss to philately in India.

Well, now I think about philatelic assets left behind them. What will happen to those treasures? Will those be sold or preserved? Who will do the job? As I know Mr. Misra’s sons never took interest in philately and are working  as engineers in different companies at different places in India. Dr. S.K Gupta must have left behind him a good treasure of philately. From different philatelists I came to know that in his family too there is no one to have proper information about value of the assets left. 

Friends, I took up this issue for a very important discussion related to the philatelic assets left after any philatelists’ demise.  His knowledge, if not shared before goes with him but physical philatelic assets are left. And left without proper information related to the importance and value . We have seen from the past experiences that the lifelong collections / accumulations with rare and rarest of the material are either lost or destroyed or thrown or sold/ purchased at throw away prices. Those assets either go in to the hands of people who either are dealers who know their worth or to the people for whom the diamond is just a stone. What is this?  A country with thousands of noted philatelists, a community  with hundreds of thousand philatelists in the world, there has neither been a thought to look upon this aspect seriously. Both knowledge as well as physical philatelic asset, if lost  is certainly a big loss to philatelic fraternity. What are we doing to check this? Have we ever thought of doing something collectively in this direction? I do accept philately is a hobby which was known to be personal but now it is not. This is a hobby which needs  a group, which needs other persons to help, it is a hobby which gives pleasure if the accumulations/ collections are shared, the knowledge gained is shared. I mean it is a social hobby not a personal hobby.

I have certain points in my mind to share with you all to think and give your suggestions in this regard.

  1. Every philatelist or stamp collector should be a member of a club / society so that whatever he collects is known to the members. His knowledge should be known to the members who can ask him to preserve the knowledge by writing. By taking  up discussions, classes etc.
  2. Every society or club should be member of the apex body say PCI in India.
  3. PCI should formulate certain methods to encourage philatelists to get their philatelic assets valued whenever required. For this certain fee may be fixed. To start with the facility to the members or member clubs.
  4. Philatelists should be encouraged to share their knowledge by way of writing   so that the knowledge/ experiences benefit the future generations of philatelists.
  5. Regional panels of experts/knowledgeable philatelists and dealers may be formed to help this valuation process. This will help not only to that philatelist but his known philatelic assets will certainly help the future generations to get knowledge about unknown/hard to find stuffs and information about those.
  6. With the availability of good and fast communication systems, it is not at all difficult to take up such jobs.
  7. Stamp shows / events are the best place to undertake such jobs. Pre appointments can be given to the aspirants. As every philatelist love to visit shows, that can become best place for evaluation.
  8. Formation of groups to evaluate, procure and dispose of material at reasonable prices by charging reasonable fee. This will help the family of the philatelist and also the material will go to the hands of deserving a philatelist.
  9. I reiterate that local clubs/societies should be active to help.
  10. I don’t know but if possible, please check if insurance policies for philatelic assets is available or  possible?

Friends I have just shown my concern on this important issue. It might look ridiculous at once but please think over it again and again so that something is done in this direction. No one knows when he or she will leave this world but whatever is earned by them needs to be cared, preserved and honoured.

Further to this ,I would like to place one more issue before you all. Though we know philately is a hobby of kings but now it has reached the masses. Some insurance policies like group insurance may be arranged for the members of PCI or the member clubs. This will be another social safety and help to the families of the philatelists. Let’s think over it. Let’s rethink over it....and do something.....

Best wishes to all and happy collecting.....
Take care of yourself and your assets......treasure....... 

- Naresh Agrawal

Recent Indian Issues   

·         5 August 29016 – Rio 2016 – 2 x Rs 5 + 2 X Rs 25 + MS
·         8 August 2016 – Orchids – 2xRs5,2 x Rs 15, 2 x Rs 25 + MS
·         15 August 2016 – Tourism in India – Rs 25 + MS
·         26 August 2016 – Indian Metal Handicraft – 2 x Rs 5, 2 x Rs 15,2 x Rs 25 + MS
·         27 August 2016 - Jagadguru Sri Shivarathri Rajendra Swamy – Rs 5
·         4 September 2016 – Canonization of Mother Teresa – S/S Rs 50
·         23 September 2016 – Lady Hardinge Medical College – Rs 5
·         2 October 2016 – Swachh Bharat  ( Clean India ) – Rs 5& Rs 25 + MS

Recent Special Covers

3 August 2016 : Railway Mixed High School. Erode
22 August 2016 :  First Madras Exchange Light House – Chennai
22 August 2016 : Vijayawada Book Festival Society, Vijaywada
23 August 2016 :  Bapu Museum, Vijayawada 
5 September 2016 :  Diamond Jubilee of the uthradam Thirunal Neerattupuram
Pamba Boat Race (1956-2016)
27 September 2016 : Khusro Bagh Allahabad
30 September 2016 : Naturepex 2016, Bhubaneshwar (Chilaka Lake )
1 October 2016 : Naturepex 2016 , Bhubaneshwar ( painting on nature made by a student Santosh Naik )
1October 2016 : Naturepex 2016 , Bhubaneshwar ( Horse Carried Cover)
2 October 2016 , Naturepex 2016,  Bhubaneshwar (Mahatma Gandhi)

 In The News

Naturepex 2016, Bhubaneshwar

30 September – 2 October 2016

Day 1

Naturepex 2016 was inaugurated at Bhubaneshwar by H.E. Dr. S. C. Jamir, Hon. Governor of Odisha - 30th September.

Special Cover on Chilaka Lake released on 30th September 2016.


Day 2

Horse carried cover released at Naturepex 2016 on 1st October 2016 at Bhubaneshwar. Horse carried covers were carried from Naturepex 2016 venue to KiiT Post Office with procession.

Special Cover on the painting on nature made by a student Santosh Naik released by Mrs. Saswati Bal, President KISS & KIIT and Shri Bijoyshree Rouutray, Revenue Minister and President of EIPA at Naturepex 2016, Bhubaneshwar on 1st October. Santosh Naik was also felicitated at the function.

Day 3

Special Cover and Stamp Booklet on Mahatma Gandhi released at Naturepex 2016 on 2nd October 2016 at Bhubaneshwar.

Awards List : Naturepex - 2016

National Philatelic Exhibition on Nature and Environment organised by Eastern India Philatelists’ Association, Bhubaneswar with the support of Department of Posts.

Venue: KiiT International School, Bhubaneswar, Odisha.
Dates: 30th September to 2nd October 2016.

Jury Members: (1) Shri Rajesh Kumar Bagri, (2) Shri Rameshwar Das Binani, (3) Shri Dhananjay Desai (4) Shri Prashant H. Pandya (5) Shri P. K. Bisoi, Director, Rafi Ahmed Kidwai National Postal Academy, Ghaziabad.

Gold Medal Winners

1.  A.Srinivasan, Hydearabad  - The Humble Banana's Extraordinary Story

2. Anand  Maruti Kakad, Nashik - Birds Of the Pheasant family

3. Mayurika G. Shah, Ahmedabad - Pea Fowl- The Oldest Known Ornamental bird

A.Srinivasan , Anand  Maruti Kakad, Mayurika Shah,
Jeevan Jyoti , Avipsa Biswal & Shubhrajyoti Behera 

Special Awards –

1.A.Srinivasan, Hydearabad  - The Humble Banana's Extraordinary Story –  Baroda Philatelic Society Award

2 .Jeevan Jyoti, Dehradun (Class - One Frame ) – Rainbow –GPA Award

3.Avipsa Biswal (Class -Youth)  – Pigeons and Dovew, Symbolic Representation

4. Shubhrajyoti Behera ( Class – Youth)  - Wonders of Nature- Conserve it or lose it –Dr DN Rath Memorial Award

5.AGKM High School ( Class - School Collection) –Nature (Flora and Fauna) – SC Mohanty Memorial Award

Courtesy - Prashant Pandya

Indian Philately loses great philatelist

Veteran philatelist, Dr S P Gupta passed away on 7th September 2016  . He was 86 years old. He was a distinguished philatelists and expert on Modern India .He was the author of the Specialized Catalogue of Modern Indian Stamps 1947 - To Date and its five supplements.By profession he was an orthopedic surgeon at Meerut.

Australia released first philatelic issue for Norfolk Island

Australia Post has issued its first stamps with the “Norfolk Island” inscription.
The stamps feature seabirds, and the inscription on the stamps matches the colors of their bills. Norfolk Island became a regional council of the Australian state of New South Wales on July 1, and, at the same time, the island’s postage stamps were replaced by those of Australia.
The items depict the following birds that inhabit beautiful and so diverse Norfolk Island!
The spectacular Red-tailed Tropicbird (Phaethon rubricauda roseotincta) has two bright scarlet tail quills and performs acrobatic aerial courtship displays. The sub-species found on Norfolk Island has plumage suffused with pink.
The Masked Booby (Sula dactylatra fullagari) is named for the small black mask around its large yellow or yellowish-green beak. The smaller islands of Nepean and Phillip and the smaller islets off the Norfolk coastline are important breeding habitats for most of Norfolk Island’s seabirds.
Recent Stamp Exhibitions

SIPA Diamond 2016, Diamond Jubilee Stamp Exhibition 

25th - 27th November 2016

South India Philatelists' Association will be organizing Diamond Jubilee Stamp Exhibition from 25th to 27th November 2016 at Chennai.

St. Bede's Centenary Auditorium,
No. 37, Santhome High Road,
Santhome, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004.
For more information contact: Phone : +91-44-32001626, 32914769,
Mobile : +919840645487, +919444491111
E-Mail :

BANDUNG 2017 Specialised WORLD STAMP EXHIBITION, 3-7 Aug 2017 Exhibition under FIP Patronage

Shri Sahdeva Sahoo has been appointed National Commissioner for this exhibition. Intending participants are requested to contact Shri Sahoo for forms by 7th October 2016

Prof. Sahadeva Sahoo
"Saswat", D-3, B. J. B. Nagar
Bhubaneswar 751014 (India)

Phones +91 9337103542 (mobile)
 +91 674 2432251 (land line)

emails :

Exhibition Name
Trans Studio Convention Center, Bandung, INDONESIA
3rd - 7th August 2017
Specialised World
Competitive classes
Traditional Philately
Postal History
Postal Stationery
Thematic Philately
Youth Philately
Philatelic Literature
One-Frame Exhibit
Modern Philately
Total frames
Ca  2 200
Frame fee
US $75
Frame fee for Youth Class (per exhibit)
Frame fee for One-Frame exhibit
US $100
Frame fee for Literature Class (per exhibit)
US $ 85
Frame fee for Modern Philately
US $75
Deadline Entries
30 November 2016
Deadline Acceptance
25 January 2017
Deadline Payment
31 March 2017
Mr Michael Ho
General Commissioner
MrTono Dwi Putranto


MELBOURNE 2017, 34th FIAP Asian International Stamp Exhibition will be held in Melbourne, Australia from 30 March to 2 April 2017.
Mr. Madhukar Jhingan is the Indian National Commissioner for the MELBOURNE 2017.
MELBOURNE 2017 will have following classes:
FIAP Championship Class, Traditional, Postal History, Postal Stationery, Aerophilately, Astrophilately,  Thematic, Maximaphily, Revenue, Open, Youth, Literature, One Frame and Modern Philately (1980 onwards).
The Entry Fee for One-Frame Exhibit is US$80, and for Literature the Fee is US$55 per exhibit. The participation is free for Youth Class. The Entry Fee for all other classes is US$55 per frame.
The Entry Forms are now available for download
Those interested in participating may please contact Mr. Madhukar Jhingan, National Commissioner for India of MELBOURNE 2017.
(M) +919811160965, Email:
Last date for submitting the forms to the National Commissioner is October 14, 2016
CHINA 2016 - 33th Asian International Stamp Exhibition

CHINA 2016 will be held at Nanning International Convention and Exhibition Center, Nanning City, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China from December 2 - 6,  2016.

CHINA 2016 (33th Asian International Stamp Exhibition) will be organized under the Patronage of the Federation of Inter-Asian Philately (FIAP) and Recognition of the Fédération Internationale de Philatélie (FIP).Mr Surajit Gongvatana is the FIAP Co-ordinator of CHINA 2016

This exhibition is organized by the All-China Philatelic Federation, jointly with the State Post Bureau of The People’s Republic of China, The People’s Government of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region and China Post Group.

 Mr.Surendra A. Kotadia is National Commissioner for CHINA - 2016 from India. His contact details are as below.

TELIPHONE  + 91 22 22024130/31    MOBILE  + 91 98199 03789
 FAX                + 91 22 22843275  E-MAIL :

PHILATAIPEI 2016 : World Stamp Championship Exhibition

Mr. Anil Suri is  the National Commissioner for India of PHILATAIPEI 2016 World Stamp Championship Exhibition being held at Taipei, Taiwan from October 21 to 26, 2016. This is fourth World Stamp Championship show which will be the highest level of competition in philately where the best philatelists in the world will compete for awards.  There will be 3 finalists: The World Champion, First Runner Up and Second Runner Up.  The World Champion is therefore recognized as having won the highest award in the world's stamp competitive exhibitions.
Anil Suri : email : 8130827029, 9811176908

Doon Philatelic Diary

Cautley, Thomason and Ganges Canal

-Abhai Mishra

The Ganga canal was the brainchild of Proby Thomas Cautley. He was commissioned as second lieutenant in Bengal Artillery in 1819. In 1821 he was appointed as assistant to Captain Robert Smith for supervising the reconstruction of Eastern Jumna Canal. In 1836 he was made the Superintendent of Canals. The severe famine of 1836-37 in the Doab region forced Cautley to re-think about having a Ganges canal similar to Jumna canal. Earlier the ambitious project had been examined by Colonel John Colvin of Bengal Engineers, but due to highly discouraging results it had been abandoned. In view of the severe famine, Cautley urged the authorities for a sanction to re-examine the project but there was little support offered. With determination, Cautley, single-handedly completed the survey taking each measurement and level himself. He proposed that 300 miles could be made with head-works at Haridwar. The first twenty miles presented the greatest challenge due to presence of erratic Himalayan torrents. He proposed to build aqueducts, to negotiate the torrents.

Due to the Afghan war, initially there was considerable opposition from the Government.  Lord Ellenborough, the then Governor General was dead against the project and stopped all the grants citing that it was only planned to be used for navigation. Cautley got a huge support from James Thomason who was then the Lt. Governor of the NW provinces. He was a staunch supporter of Proby Caultley and always pushed his ideas. With the coming of new Governor General, Lord Dalhousie things changed and with Thomason at his side Cautley was able to commence the canal work. 750 feet long aqueduct built over the difficult Solani river is an engineering marvel in itself.

During the making of the Ganges canal, there was a need of trained local supervisors. With the help of James Thomason, Caultley managed to open the first civil engineering college of India at Roorkee in 1847. The Ganges canal was opened on 8 April 1854 and in the same year the engineering college was rechristened as Thomason College of Civil Engineering. The institute was elevated to the status of Independent India's first engineering university in 1949 and on September 21, 2001 Government of India converted the university into an IIT.

- Abhai Mishra : email :

Beginners’ Section


World Post Day is celebrated each year on 9 October. The event was declared by the 1969 Universal Postal Congress in Tokyo as a means to mark the anniversary of the Universal Postal Union's (UPU) creation in 1874.

The purpose of World Post Day is to bring awareness to the Post's role in the everyday lives of people and businesses, as well as its contribution to global social and economic development.

As a result, the UPU's member countries are encouraged to organize their own national activities to celebrate the event, including everything from the introduction or promotion of new postal products and services, to the organization of open days at post offices, mail centres and postal museums.


For countries participating in the UPU International Letter-Writing Competition, national winners are often honoured on 9 October. The theme selected for the 2016 competition is: "Write a letter to your 45-year-old self." This topic was chosen to mark the 45th edition of the international contest. Children around the world are warmly encouraged to give flight to their imagination, while writing a letter to themselves in the future.…/international-lett…/about-the-ilwc.html


INDIA POST is celebrating National Postal Week from 9th to 15th of October-2016 and week days celebrated as::
09.10.2016: World Post Day
10.10.2016: Savings Bank Day
13.10.2016: Mail Day & Philately Day
14.10.2016: PLI Day
15.10.2016: Business Development Day

Specialized Section


© Dr.Satyendra Kumar Agrawal

Writing my Philatelic articles “CHINESE GIVEN THREE MONKEYS TO GANDHI JI” published in Rainbow Stamps News, October 2015 and another “GANDHI’S THREE MONKEYS NEED ONE MORE COMPANION” published in ITS Stamp News, Oct-Dec 2015 issues, I came across few very interesting facts related to Gandhi Ji and Gita which raises the question –“He only Kept the Gita or also followed it?”

Gandhi’s Three Monkeys, given by Chinese

The “Bhagavad-Gita” or the sacred song is a Hindu poem with deep philosophy, spirituality and divinity embodied in it. It primarily is a wartime counsel between Krishna and his disciple/relative warrior Arjun.

Bhagavad-Gita is a wartime counsel between Krishna and warrior Arjun

It is strange but interesting that Gandhi’s first introduction to Gita was in England and through two English Olcott brothers. Gandhi at that time was studying law. The brothers read Gita regularly and asked Gandhi to join in. Perhaps they thought that they may get to know the text in Sanskrit better. But Gandhi felt sad, because of his lack of Sanskrit knowledge. He read English version by Sir Edwin Arnold as recommended by his English friends, and was captivated for life by Gita's message.  He took to reading Gita every day, later, in the original Sanskrit language.

English Olcott brothers introduced “Gita” to Gandhi

During his imprisonment years, he studied the book in detail. Due to insistence from his friends, he translated it into Gujarati, his mother-tongue which gets published on March 12, 1930, the never-to-be-forgotten day on which he marched to Dandi from Sabarmati.  Later English translation also appeared in market.

In his interpretation of the Bhagavad Gita he expounded his central idea of nonviolence, although admitting that the Gita apparently approves of war. His explanation was that the great stories of Hinduism are allegories, not historical accounts, and that each age must read them in the light of their spiritual knowledge.

Gandhi has often acknowledged its profound effect on his life. In words of Gandhi “When disappointment stares me in the face and all alone I see not one ray of light, I go back to the Bhagavad-Gita.” He always used to say that he carried a copy of Gita with him. According to him, “Gita is not only my Bible or my Koran; it is my mother…my ETERNAL MOTHER”. And another book he found of greatest consolation was ShriRamcharitmanas of GoswamiTulsi Das.

Shri Ram Charit Manas

Gandhi and Gita

The Gita also became his practical-ethical guide for living: he turned to her for not just strength and solace, but also for a reasoned approach and for practical-ethical guidance. He had memorized several shlokas (verses) that spoke to his heart as well as head; by constant practice of these precepts, he could restore the serenity of his mind.
But the question comes in mind is, whether the type of non-violence Gandhi mastered coming from Gita? Bhagwat Gita starts with the scene of battle ground. The words of Gita were meant to encourage Arjun to lift his Gandeev (bow) and fight the war with full heart, though most of the conversations between Krishna and Arjun were relevant for day to day life.

Gandhi believed in Non-Violence

In his words: “Krishna of the Gita is perfection and right knowledge personified; but the picture is imaginary. The idea of a perfect incarnation is an after growth.”

As per Gandhi’s doctrine one should never lift the arms even if the enemy attacks or kills you. Very few will have doubts that what Gandhi says is just opposite to what Gita prescribes.

In his words: “The object of the Gita appears to me to be that of showing the most excellent way to attain self-realization.”

Another most popular ideal of Gandhi is, "If someone slaps your one cheek, offer him the other cheek or get Slapped Twice”.There are numerous examples of logical non-violence in Hindu texts. In Ramayana, once Sita asked Rama whether or not a constant company of weapons (bows and arrows) would turn him from peaceful to violent. Rama smiled and replied, never if it is to protect dharma (righteousness). He further promised Sita that he would never attack anybody including rakshasa (devil) unless there is a sufficient reason for it.

Ram never attacked anybody unless there was sufficient reason for it

He was also of the opinion that one warning/chance to enemy can be given. Ravan for example had done great crime still Rama sent Angada to him on peace mission before starting war.

Ram sent Angada to Lanka on peace mission before starting war

Same instance is found in Mahabharata when Krishna went to Hastinapur with a peace message before the war was declared formally. Both Rama and Krishna the incarnations of God in full form clearly indicate that you must fight and should use weapons if time demands.

“You must fight and should use weapons if time demands”

Thus, in Hindu ideology one should not slap anybody in first place. But if somebody slaps you, you must act. This act may come in the form of forgiving only if the aggressor is apologetic and ready to undo his mistake. Else you must punish the aggressor with the most viable means available to you. Be assured that Hinduism never guides you to offer the other cheek for a second slap.

In fact, most Hindu Gods and Goddesses barring few like Sarasvati always carry weapons with them. There should be no doubt that Hindus worship those who are mighty and who are able to fight and win. Let us pave the way for such leaders to lead India who have the capability to stick to non violence in general but have equal aggression to stand and fight against any act of adharma.

(Content based on an article ”Gandhism, Hinduism and Three monkeys” by Dr. Prashant Shukla)

-      Dr Satyendra Kumar Agrawal : email :

Postage Stamps and Postal History of the Confederate States

-Col J Dutta & Dr Anjali Dutta

The postage stamps and postal system of the Confederate States of America carried the mail of the Confederacy for a brief period in American history. Early in 1861 when South Carolina no longer considered itself part of the Union and demanded that the U.S. Army abandon Fort Sumter, plans for a Confederate postal system were already underway. Indeed, the Confederate Post office was established on February 21, 1861; and it was not until 12th April that the American Civil War officially began, when the Confederate Army fired upon US soldiers who had refused to abandon the fort. However, the United States Post Office Department continued to handle the mail of the seceded states as usual during the first weeks of the war. It was not until June 1, 1861, that the Confederate Post office took over collection and delivery, and was faced with the task of providing postage stamps and mail services for its citizens.

John H. Reagan
Confederate Postmaster General

The CSA Constitution had provided for a national postal service to be established, requiring it to be self-financing beginning March 1, 1863 (Section 8. Powers of Congress, Item 7). President Jefferson Davis appointed John Henninger Reagan on March 6, 1861, to head the new Confederate States of America Post-office Department. The Confederate Post Office proved to be very efficient and remained in operation for the entire duration of the Civil War (1861-65).

During the first seven weeks of the Civil War, the US Post Office still delivered mail from the seceded states. Mail that was postmarked after the date of a state’s admission into the Confederacy through May 31, 1861, and bearing U.S. (Union) postage is deemed to represent 'Confederate State Usage of U.S. Stamps'. i.e., Confederate covers franked with Union stamps. After this time, private express companies still managed to carry the mail across enemy lines. The three major express companies in operation throughout the south were Adams Express, American Letter Express, and Whiteside's Express. They had been operating freely for approximately two months when the U.S. Post Office ordered an end to such traffic, effective August 26, 1861. Mail destined to states that were not among their own unions now had to be sent by Flag of Truce, although some express companies still continued to run their mail operations illegally; Adams continued its Southern operations under a nominally-separate Southern Express Company, in actuality a subsidiary. Mail was also smuggled in and out by blockade-running ships—which, however, were often captured or destroyed by Union ships on blockade patrol. Because Confederate post offices existed for only a few years and official and informal records of them are lacking, relatively little is known about their operations in many regions of the South. Existing data has been studied by several experts in the field, who have reconstructed an account of their existence and operation largely from surviving Confederate covers (stamped-addressed envelopes), and by researchers specializing in advanced studies of Confederate philately, notably Colonel Harvey E. Sheppard, United States Army, Fort Hood, Texas; the late Van Dyk MacBride, Newark, New Jersey; George N. Malpass, St. Petersburg, Florida; Earl Antrim, Nampa, Idaho; David Kohn, Washington, D. C., and a few others, each contributing material in the concerted effort to create an overall account of Confederate postal history.

One of the first undertakings in establishing the Confederate Post Office was the appointment of John H. Reagan (1818–1905) to Postmaster General, by Jefferson Davis in 1861, making him the first Postmaster General of the newly formed Confederate post office. Reagan was a Democratic congressman from Texas (many years after the Civil War, Texas would elect him to a Senate seat). Upon appointment Reagan became a close friend of Davis and was Postmaster General for the duration of the war, making him the only PMG of the short-lived Confederacy

In preparation for wartime mail delivery Reagan proved to be very resourceful. He sent an agent to Washington with letters asking the various heads of the U.S. Post Office Department to come work for the new Confederate Post Office. Amazingly nearly all of them did, bringing copies of records, and account books along with them. "Reagan in effect had stolen the U.S. Post Office," notable historian William C. Davis wrote. Reagan was obviously an able administrator, presiding over the only CSA cabinet department that functioned well during the war. It established new rates, rather higher than those in the Union:  5¢ (equal to $1.31 today) per half-ounce under 500 miles (800 km), 10¢ per half-ounce over 500 miles (800 km), 2¢ for drop letters and circulars. Later the under-500 miles (800 km) rate was raised to 10¢ also. There was a 50¢ rate for express mail, and after

1861 Confederate stamp featuring the image of
Jefferson Davis
1863 a 40¢ rate for Trans-Mississippi mail to cover the costs of smuggling the mail through a Federal blockade that operated along the entire length of the lower Mississippi River. At the beginning of the war, Union blockades prevented supplies from reaching their destinations in the South, which from time to time resulted in the shortage of postage stamps, paper and other basic supplies that were much needed throughout the Confederate states.

Within a month after his appointment as Postmaster General, Reagan ordered that ads be placed in both Southern and Northern newspapers seeking sealed proposals from printing companies for producing Confederate postage stamps. Bids arrived from companies in New York, Baltimore, Philadelphia, Newark, New Orleans and Richmond. However, after the war started, it became evident that the contract to print Confederate stamps should go to a Confederate firm. The Confederate Post Office Department therefore awarded the contract to lithographers Hoyer & Ludwig, a small firm in Richmond. The stamps they produced were inferior in image quality to the line engraved stamps printed by the U.S. Post Office, but with what resources they had, they produced some handsome images by many accounts. The first Confederate postage issues were placed in circulation on October 16, 1861; five months after postal service between the North and South had ended. Jefferson Davis is depicted on the first issue of 1861. The appearance of a living person on a postage stamp marked a break from the tradition adhered to by the US Post Office, that a person may be depicted on U.S. postage or currency only after death. During the five months between the US Post office's withdrawal of services from the seceded states and the first issue of Confederate postage stamps, postmasters throughout the Confederacy used temporary substitutes for postal payment. Postmasters had to improvise and used various methods to apply confirmation of postage to mailed covers, ranging from the creation of their own adhesive postage stamps to the marking of letters with either rate-altered hand-stamps or the manuscript indication “Paid.” The improvised stamps and pre-paid covers are known to collectors as 'Postmaster Provisionals', so-called because they were used 'provisionally' until the first Confederate general postage stamp issues appeared. Some Confederate post offices would subsequently experience shortages in postage stamps and would revert to the use of Provisional stamps and hand-stamps. There are many dozens of types of Provisional stamps and hand-stamps from different towns and cities about the Confederacy. In some circles, Postmaster Provisionals are referred to as 'locals' since they were intended only for use from the town in which they were issued.

As the Confederate States of America existed for only four years, it was able to issue only a modest number of postage stamps, nine basic types in all. During this brief span, the Confederate Post Office contracted with five different printing companies to produce postage stamps: Archer & Daly of Richmond, Virginia; Hoyer & Ludwig of Richmond, Virginia; J. T. Paterson & Co. of Augusta, Georgia; Thomas de la Rue & Co., Ltd., of London, England; and Keatinge & Ball of Columbia, South Carolina. Among them, these firms employed all three methods of printing commonly in use at that time: lithography, typography and line-engraving.

A considerable number of Confederate covers (i.e. stamped - addressed envelopes) survived the Civil War and through the many years since they were mailed and have been avidly sought after and preserved by historians and collectors alike.
The war had divided family members and friends across the country, and letter writing naturally increased dramatically, especially to and from the men who were away serving in either army. Letters written by soldiers reveal how they would frequently ask parents, wives and family members to write often and to also ask others to write letters back to them. 

Confederate hand-stamped cover Richmond, Va. 1862, hand-stamped
‘PAID 10addressed to: Honorable William C. Rives.

As mail sent to and from the soldiers became more commonplace in the mail streams of the divided states, various Christian charity groups provided pens, paper and envelopes for the soldiers in response to their constant need for these items, since soldiers on active duty during war time rarely had the opportunity to buy these things. The variety of mail from this time period provides the student of Civil War history with an excellent cross-reference of those times.

Special categories of interest include covers to and from soldiers, patriotic covers, prisoner-of-war covers, Flag of Truce and through-the-lines mail, mail carried by blockade runners to and from Europe, and a variety of other types. All of these specialties have been intensively studied. Although contemporary official records are often fragmentary or missing, and many details remain unclear, the covers with their addresses, dated postmarks, special markings and the letters themselves have provided much insight for historians and collectors in their studies of Civil War postal history. Some forging of material went on in the late 19th century, and authentication is a challenge for experts. As a rule of thumb a collector should be wary of fancy cancels on Confederate mail, as the CSA Post Office never used fancy cancels. Other common types of forgeries include added stamps to a cover and forged postmarks. Another common oversight of the forger is postmarking stamps with dates before the stamp was issued. Many collectors over the years have marked or destroyed fakes and forgeries upon identification in an effort to keep the collecting pool safe from such material. This is a practice common to most of philately.

Confederacy War Dept cover, 1863

During the American Civil War the number of Union and Confederate soldiers in prisoner of war prisons and camps would reach an astonishing one-and-a-half million men. The prison population at the Andersonville Confederate POW camp alone reached 45,000 men by the war's end. At the onset of the war the United States did not recognize the legitimacy of the Confederate States and refused to establish a system that allowed for a formal prisoner and mail exchange. By the summer of 1862, more than a year into the war, prison populations in the north were at alarming proportions and the US government began to see the necessity of a prisoner and mail exchange system. On July 2, 1862 it signed what was referred to as a Prisoner exchange cartel, and by September of that year prison populations were almost emptied.  However, as the war dragged on the US government had increasing distrust for the Confederate Government and stopped the prisoner and mail exchanges, in June 1863, less than a year after it had signed the exchange agreement. Flag of Truce mail exchanges resumed a month later and were used until the end of the war. Prisoner mail that was carried by Flag-of-Truce had to be put in an unsealed envelope with address and postage for delivery on the other side, and then placed in an outer cover for delivery to the exchange point, where the outer envelope would be destroyed and the inner envelope containing the prisoner's letter was inspected. The letter would then be placed in and sealed in the stamped addressed envelope and hand-stamped indicating that the item had been inspected. Often correspondents did not observe the two-envelope regulation, so there are examples of covers where instead of an inner and outer envelope arrangement both US and Confederate postage was applied to the prisoner's letter and where both US and Confederate markings were applied. These covers are often referred to as dual-use postage covers.  Mail exchange between the divided states was only allowed to cross the lines at specified exchange points. Mail which was going from the North destined to points in the South passed primarily at City Point, Virginia, while most of the mail going from the South to the North passed through at Fortress Monroe, Virginia, and usually bear an Old Point Comfort postmark.


POW Cover, South to North from Jacob S. Devine Co C 71st Pa Vol., captured Battle of Gettysburg, detained at Libby Prison. No Confederate stamp/inspection markings; received w/US postmarks, Christmas Day, 1863, w/'Due 3' hand-stamp

 Blockade mail

At the onset of the American Civil War it was imperative for the Confederacy to get crucial correspondence to suppliers and other mail into and out of the country. On April 19, 1861, President Lincoln proclaimed a blockade along the entire coastline of the Confederacy to prevent it from obtaining supplies and to prevent it from communicating with the rest of the world by means of mail. Twelve major ports and approximately 3,500 miles (5,600 km) of coastline along the Confederate States were patrolled by some 500 ships that were commissioned by the US Navy; however, some accounts vary considerably and place the number of commissioned ships for blockade patrol at about 200, taking into account the high numbers of Union ships that were withdrawn from blockade duty for repairs. The blockade played a major role in the Union's victory over the Confederate states. By the end of the Civil War, the Union Navy had captured more than 1,100 blockade runners and had destroyed or run aground another 355 vessels. The Union blockade reduced a vital source of revenue for the south, cotton exports, to a fraction of what they were prior to the war, as well as preventing much of its mail from being sent or received. In response to the blockade various specially-built steamers were built and put to use by British investors who were heavily invested in the cotton and tobacco trade. These vessels were typically smaller and lighter in weight, often giving them an advantage of maneuverability and record speeds of up to 17 knots, which enabled them to evade or outrun Union ships on patrol. Their cargoes were usually small, light-weight and often included mail.

Blockade cover with 'Steamship' and 'New Orleans' postmarks.

Confederate blockade-run cover. This cover is from one of the Hincks brothers to his father. The letter was probably placed aboard a blockade runner and handed over in Nassau to a ship bound for New Orleans. Upon arrival in New Orleans on January 8, 1865, the letter was treated as an unpaid incoming ship letter and marked with ten cents due.

Sepia wash drawing of Blockade-runner, The Advance, by R.G. Skerrett, 1899.

Patriotic covers

The years during the American Civil War were a period marked with strong sentiments and loyalties towards both sides involved, and this sentiment is clearly displayed on various Civil War correspondence known to collectors and historians as Patriotic Covers. Citizens, many of whom had family members and friends off fighting in the war, or who had died in battle, often expressed their loyalties with envelopes illustrated with flags, portraits, slogans and allegorical figures such as that of Liberty, which clearly captured the sentiments of that time. This practice was most evident in the North where there were many printers, especially in the larger cities, who produced an assortment of envelopes that proudly displayed these designs and which quickly became popular among the citizenry. The situation in the south was quite different. The demand for printers in the agrarian South was much less, and consequently established and qualified printers were generally nonexistent throughout most of the Confederacy. The South also lacked the North's industrialized advantages and supplies, and so the various Confederate patriotic covers that have survived the years are scarce and rare and usually have considerable value.

Adversity covers

Due to the Union blockade, the South was unable to get many needed basic supplies including paper, and as such envelopes and writing paper were scarce throughout most of the South. People would reuse old paper and envelopes, bags, and old forms and sometimes would use wallpaper to construct envelopes with. These covers are usually referred to by collectors as adversity covers.

Mourning covers

Mourning covers are also widely collected. These are covers which bear signs of sympathy or recognition of an adverse event. The most common type of adversity cover that occurs in Civil War postal history, Confederate or Union, are what is referred to by collectors as Mourning covers. Many families shared in the loss of loved ones and friends who died in battle during the four-year war. Letters of sympathy were often sent between family members and friends. The covers often bear various markings, usually pen inscribed by the sender. One of the most common markings found on these covers is the symbolic black border put about the outer face of the envelope. As many thousands of men died during the war, the black border became commonplace in the Union and Confederate mail streams and in Civil War philately.

Manuscript covers

Manuscript covers are addressed envelopes that were designated as Paidor where the amount of postage due was hand-written with pen and ink. Manuscript markings can also be found along with various hand-stamp markings, or in combination with postage stamps, which were sometimes applied prior to or after the manuscript marking(s). If the manuscript cover was mail carried by a blockade runner, the cover is usually referred to as a blockade cover, and so forth with patriotic and other covers.

Manuscript / blockade cover May 24, 1864 St. George's, Bermuda to Wilmington by blockade-runner Lynx May 29, 1864 arrived Wilmington with manuscript 12-cent ship rate due
Further reading
1.     Clemens, William Montgomery, (1884). Confederate Postage-Stamps.
2.    Anderson, John Nathan, (2013) Money or Nothing: Confederate Postal System Collapse during the Civil War, American Journalism.
3.    MacBride, Van Dyk, (1950). Fort Delaware and Its Prisoner-of-war Covers, American Philatelic.
4.    Green, Brian M, The Typographs of the Confederate States of America: Postage Stamps and Postal History.

Postage Stamps of the Confederate States

5c 1861 Jefferson Davis printed by the lithograph process by Hoyer and Ludwig of Richmond, Virginia.

10c 1861 Thomas Jefferson designed by Charles Ludwig of Hoyer & Ludwig, Richmond, Virginia. This issue was printed by two different companies: Hoyer & Ludwig and, later, J. T. Paterson & Co. of Augusta, Georgia.

5c Jefferson Davis 1862 reissue Produced by De La Rue, London it employed an engraving of Davis by Ferdinand Joubert

10c Thomas Jefferson 1862 reissue

2c  Andrew Jackson issued 1862 lithographed by Hoyer & Ludwig of Richmond, Virginia. Only one transfer stone used in this printing. The earliest known usage of this stamp was March 21, 1862.

1c John C Calhoun 1862, typograph

De La Rue printed and shipped a typographed 1¢ orange stamp. The Confederate Post Office had planned to reduce the drop-letter rate to one cent, but this proved impractical and, as a result, the 1¢ stamp was never put into use.

5c Jefferson Davis issue of 1862, typograph

2c Andrew Jackson issued 1863
engraved in steel by Frederick Halpin and printed by Archer & Daly in pale red. A second printing appeared in brown red.

 In 1863, a 10-cent stamp was released bearing the profile of Jefferson Davis in blue. This issue was designed and engraved on steel by John Archer and transferred to either copper plates or steel plates. Many shades exist for these stamps, ranging from light milky blue and darker blue to shades that tend toward greenish blue and green.  This issue was imperforate and was printed on soft, porous paper of varying thickness and with colorless gum. The earliest recorded usage is April 23, 1863. 

Frame-line printing "frame-line" variety is by far the rarest of the stamps issued by the Confederate Post Office and Type I

Type II and Type TEN

20c George Washington issued 1863

North-to-South Civil War POW cover, with dual postage, 1863, via Flag of Truce, Fortress Monroe

Captured Patriotic cover, Confederate seven star flag with manuscript notation "Captured at Jackson Miss May 14  63" at side (the date Jackson, Mississippi fell), entered the mails to Iowa with 3c rose (#65) tied by illegible postmark. Confederate patriotic covers are rarer than Union patriotic covers.

Confederate postage (Jef'Davis, 5-cent, blue) on cover mailed during Confederacy period, 1862.Mourning cover with characteristic black border

-       - Col Jayanta Dutta & Dr Anjali Dutta - email :

Reader’s Right

3 Pies = 1Paisa

It is in response to Dr. Satyendra Kumar Agrawal’s article “Paper Shortage Given Birth to Map Envelopes on Stamps” pages 26-35. On page 31 Dr. Agrawal writes “But theory of Jaiswal for postcard rate seems doubtful as in Kalyan Negal’s collection postcards were impressed with only one indicum with denomination 1 paise.”

If anything, Mr. Kalyan Negal’s 1 paisa postcard further confirms my theory that the 3 pie indicium was in fact produced for postcards. You see, 3 pies was the equivalent of 1 paisa. See Wikipedia link:

Sandeep Jaiswal, USA :  email :

New issues from other Countries


15 September 2016 : Cycling in Ireland

Cycling in Ireland has grown hugely as a pastime for people of all ages and abilities.  People are getting on their bikes for a variety of reasons, for fitness, as a commute option, a competitive sport or for charity.   The rise of the MAML or Middle Aged Man in Lycra is an often used term! A better measure of the popularity of the sport is the 800 events organised annually in the Cycling Ireland calendar.

From grassroots to elite level there are competitive Road, Off-road, BMX, CycloCross and Track events with leagues and racing 12 months of the year.  On the Leisure and charity cycling side, every weekend a plethora of events take place all over the country, often providing a cash injection to local charities and communities. All of this happens through the volunteers who make up the 450 registered cycling clubs nationwide.


20 September 2016 : Gorham’s Cave

Gibraltar’s Gorham’s Cave has been granted World Heritage status. To mark such an achievement Gibraltar Post issued a set of 5 commemorative stamps which has been developed in very close cooperation with the The Gibraltar Museum.
Gorham’s Cave is a natural sea cave in Gibraltar, considered to be one of the last known habitations of the Neanderthals in Europe. Gorham’s Cave gives its name to the Gorham’s Cave complex, which is a combination of four distinct caves of such importance that they are combined into a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The three other caves are Vanguard Cave, Hyaena Cave, and Bennett’s Cave.
It is located on the south-eastern face of the Rock of Gibraltar. When first inhabited some 55 thousand years ago, it would have been approximately 5 kilometres from the shore, but, due to changes in sea level, it is now only a few metres from the Mediterranean Sea.

United Nations
8 September 2016 : World Heritage Sites from Czech Republic

This set issued by UNPA featuring world heritage sites of Czech Republic.These stamps are part of a joint stamp issuance with the Czech Post.This issue also includes a beautiful stamp booklet.

Heritage is our legacy from the past, what we live with today and what we pass on to future generations. Our cultural and natural heritage are both irreplaceable sources of life and inspiration. The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) seeks to encourage the identification, protection and preservation of cultural and natural heritage around the world considered to be of outstanding value to humanity. This is embodied in an international treaty called the Convention concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage, adopted by UNESCO in 1972.

47¢ – Historic Centre of Prague

Prague is one of the most beautiful cities in Europe in terms of its setting on both banks of the Vltava River, adorned with its distinctive townscape of houses, palaces with towers, and buildings. Built between the 11th and 18th centuries, the Old Town, the Lesser Town and the New Town speak of the great architectural and cultural influence enjoyed by this city since the Middle Ages. The site was inscribed on the World Heritage list in 1992.

$1.15 – Holy Trinity Column in Olomouc

The Holy Trinity Column in Olomouc is one of the most exceptional examples of the pinnacle of central European Baroque artistic expression. This memorial column, erected in the early years of the 18th century, is the most outstanding example of a type of monument specific to central Europe. Rising to a height of 35 metres, it is decorated with many fine religious sculptures, which are the work of the distinguished Moravian artist Ondřej Zahner. It was inscribed on the World Heritage list in 2000.

Editor’s Mail Box

Dear Jeevan Jyoti,

Thank you a lot for sending 50 page issue of Rainbow Stamp News.  It is not only with a big volume but also has diverse facets philately, so many philatelists with different interests will get advantages to go through it. I congratulate you for the changing face of "Rainbow"!,

- Avinash B. Jagtap, Switzerlans

Dear Editor,
Recently I was in receipt of two Registered letters one each from Cuba and Germany. I found that these covers are having a rubber stamp inscription – “PASSED BY CUSTOMS CED, KOLKATA”. Scans of both the cover are reproduced hereunder for reference. I understand that CED stands for ‘Customs & Excise Department’.

Through “Rainbow Stamp News”, I would like to request any philatelist, whosoever can enlighten me and other readers of this highly esteemed philatelic e-Magazine on the significance of such rubber stamp inscriptions in philately. I shall be thankful.
Thanking you,

Ananthapuri Stamp Bulletin  October 2016

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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                …..Happy Collecting…………………………………………………………………            

Rainbow Stamp News is edited and published monthly by Jeevan Jyoti, from Dehradun ( Uttarakhand) India.

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Participated in different philatelic exhibitions Wrote for philately column in The Pioneer and worked as sub-editor for U-Phil Times published from United Philatelists, Kanpur.Did Schooling from Kanpur Vidya Mandir and Post Graduation in Botany from A.N.D. College Kanpur.


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